Region Jnkpings ln Sjukgymnastik
plus.rjl.se/sjukgymnastik

Referenser till riktlinjer för bäckenledssmärta i samband med graviditet

  1. Östgaard HC. Assessement and treatment of low back pain in working pregnant women. Semin Perinatol 1996;20(1):61-9.
  2. Björklund K, Bergström S. Is pelvic pain in pregnancy a welfare complaint? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2000;79(1):24-30.
  3. Östgaard HC, Zetherström G, Roos-Hansson E, Svanberg B. Reduction of back and posterior pelvic pain in relation to pregnancy. Spine 1994;19:894-900.
  4. Heiberg E, Stray-Pedersen B. Is pelvic pain during pregnancy a strain syndrom? Nor J Epidemiol 1997;7(1):117-121.
  5. Wu WH, Meijer OG, Uegaki K, et al. Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPP). I: Termionology, clinical presentation and prevalence. Eur SPine J. 2004,13:575-589.
  6. Östgaard HC, Zetherström G, Roos-Hansson E. The posterior pelvic pain provocation test in pregnant women. Eur Spine J, 1994;3:258-260.
  7. Östgaard M, Bonde B, Svalgaard Thomsen B. Insuficienta Pelvis in graviditate. Ugeskrift Laeger 1992;154(50):3568-3572.
  8. Vleeming A, Albert BH, Östgaard HC et al. European guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of eplvic girdle pain. Eur Spine J 2008;17:794-819.
  9. Elden H, Hagberg H, Fagevik-Olsén M et al. Regression of pelvic girdle pain after delivery: follow-up of a randomised single blind controlled trail with different treatment modalities. Acta Obstetrica et Gynecologica 2008;87:201-208.
  10. The Cochrane collaboration. Interventions for prevention and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy (Review), Issue 3, 2009.
  11. Hansen et al. Symptom-giving pelvic girdle relaxation in pregnancy. II: Symptoms and clinical signs. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1999;78(2):111-115.
  12. Endresen EH. Pelvic pain and low back pain in pregnant women; an epidemiological study. Scand J Rheumatol 1995;24 (3):135-41.
  13. Dreyfuss P, Michaelsson M, Pauza K, Bogduk N. The value of medical history and physical examination in diagnosing sacroiliac joint pain. Spine 1996;21(22):2594-2602.
  14. Pool-Goudzwaard AL, Vleeming A, Stoeckart R, Snijders CJ, Mens JMA. Insufficient lumbopelvic stability:a clinical, anatomical and biomechanical approach to 'a-specific' low back pain. Man Ther 1998;3(1):12-20.
  15. Wikström A, & Hegefjärd C. Handbok för sjukgymnastik för gravida och nyblivna mammor. 1997 Hallunda Vårdcentral, Norsborg.
  16. Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Inefficient muscular stabilisation of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. Spine 1996;21(22):2640-2650.
  17. Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Delayed postural contraction of transversus abdominis in low back pain associated with movement of the lower limb. J Spinal Disord 1998; 11(1):46-56.
  18. Hodges PW. Is there a role för transversus adbominis in lumbo-pelvic stability? Man Ther 1999;4:74-86.
  19. Röst CC,  Jacqueline J, Kaiser A, et al. Pelvic pain during pregnancy: a descriptive study of  signs and symtoms of 870 patients in primary care. Spine 2004;29(22):2567-2572.
  20. Mens JM, Vleeming A, Stoeckart R, et al. Understanding peripartum pelvic pain: Implications of a patient survey. Spine 1996;21(11):1363-1369.
  21. Albert H, Godskesen M, Westergaard J. Incidence of four syndromes of pregnancy-related pelvic joint pain. Spine 2002;27(24):2831-2834.
  22. Albert H, Godskesen M, Westergaard J. Prognosis in four syndromes of pregnancy-related pelvic pain. Acta Obstetrica et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2001;80:505-510.
  23. Albert H, Godskesen M, Westergaard J. Evaluation of clinical tests used in classification procedures in pregnancy-related pelvic joint pain. Eur Spine J 2000;9:161-166.
  24. Kristiansson P, Svärdsudd K. Discriminatory power of tests applied in back pain during pregnancy. Spine 1996;21(20): 2337-2343.
  25. Laslett M, Aprill C, McDonald B, Young S. Diagnosis of sacroiliac joint pain: validity of individual provocation tests and composites of tests. Man Ther 2005;10(3):207-218.
  26. Mens J, Vleeming A, Snijders C, et al. Reliability and validity of the active straight leg raise test in posterior pelvic pain since pregnancy. Spine 2001;26(10):1167-1171.
  27. Mens J, Vleeming A, Snijders C, et al. Reliability and validity of hip adduction strength to measure disease severity in posterior pelvic pain since pregnancy. Spine 2002;27(15):1674-1679.
  28. Mens J, Vleeming A, Snijders C, Stam H, Ginai A. The active straight leg raising test and mobility of the pelvic joints. Eur Spine J 1999;8:468-273.
  29. Mens J, Pool-Goudzward A, Stam JH. Mobility of the pelvic Joints in pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. Obstetrical and Gynecological Suurvey 2009;64:200-208.
  30. Simone SM, Winnie WM. Effectiveness of maternity support belt in reducing low back pain during pregnancy: a review. J of Clinical Nursing 2009;18(11):1523-1532.
  31. Elden H, Ladfors L, Fagevik Olsen M, et al. Effects of acupuncture and stabilising
    exercises as adjunct to standard treatment in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain: randomised single blind controlled trial. BMJ 2005;330:761-764.
  32. Stuge B, Laerum E, Kirkesola G. The efficacy of a treatment program focusing on specific stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy. Spine 2004;4:351-359.
  33. Stuge B, Bragelien Veierod M, Laerum E. The efficacy of a treatment program focusing on specific stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy. A two-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial. Spine 2004; 10:197-203.
  34. Stuge B, Holm I, Vollestad N. To treat or not to treat postpartum pelvic girdle pain with stabilizing exercises? Man Ther 2006 Jan 6.
  35. Nilsson-Wikmar L, Holm K, Öijerstedt R. Effect of three different physical therapy treatments on pain and activity in pregnant woman with pelvic girdle pain. Spine 2005;8:850-856.
  36. Morkved S, Åsmund Salvesen K, Schei B, et al. Does group training duringpregnancy prevent lumbopelvic pain? A randomized clinical trial. Acta Obstetrica et Gynecologica 2007;86:276-282.
  37. Kihlstrand M, Stenman B, Nilsson S, Axelsson O. Water-gymnastics reduced the intensity of back/low back pain in pregnant women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1999;78(3):180-185.
  38. Carolyn C, Manheimer E, Pirotta MV, et al. Acupunturer for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy: a systematic review. Am J Obstet Gynecologica 2008;198(3):254-259.
  39. Lund I, Lundeberg T, Lönberg L, et al. Decrease of pregnant women's pelvic pain after acupuncture: a randomized controlled single-blind study. Obstetrica et Gynecologica 2006;85:12-19.
  40. Eggen MH, Stuge B, Mowinckel P, Jensen KS, Hagen KB. Can supervised group exercises including ergonomic advice reduce the prevalence and severity of low back pain and pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy? A randomized controlled trial.
    Phys Ther. 2012 Jun;92(6):781-90.

  41. Britt Stuge. Diagnostikk og behandlng av bekkenleddsplager.
    Tidsskr Nor Legeforen 2010;21(130):2141-5.

  42. Mens JM, Huis In ´t Veld YH, Pool-Goudqwaard A. The Active Straignt Leg Raise test in lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy.
    Man Ther 2012; 17(4):364-8.

  43. Stuge B, Garratt A, Krogstad Jensen H, Grotle M. The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire. A Condition-Specific Instrument for Assessing Activity Limitations and Symptoms in People With Pelvic Girdle Pain. 
    Phys Ther 2011;91:1096-1108.

  44. Mens JM, Pool-Goudqwaard A, Stam HJ. Mobility of the pelvic joints in pregnancyrelated  lumbopelvic pain: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2009;64(3):200-8.

  45. Völlestad NK, Torjesen PA, Robinson HS. Association beteween the serum levels of relaxin and responses to the active straight leg raise test in pregnancy.
    Man Ther 2012;17(3):225-30.

Uppdaterad: 2014-12-01
Marie Fahlström, Rehabiliteringscentrum, Psykiatri och rehabilitering