Region Jnkpings ln Odontologiska Institutionen

Orofacial Dysfunction in Ectodermal Dysplasias Measured With The Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening

Bergendal B*, McAllister A, Stecksén-Blicks C


To screen orofacial function in individuals with various ectodermal dysplasia syndromes using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening protocol and compare with the screening of a healthy reference sample.


The Ectodermal dysplasia group comprised 46 individuals, 30 males and 16 females (mean age 14.5 years, range 3-55). Thirty-two had hypohidrotic Ectodermal dysplasia and 14 had another Ectodermal dysplasia syndrome. The reference sample comprised 52 healthy individuals, 22 males and 30 females (mean age 24.9 years, range 3-55). The Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening protocol contains 12 orofacial function domains (maximum score 12 points).


The total Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening score was higher in the test group than in reference individuals (mean 3.5 vs. 0.4;P>0.001). The dysfunctions most frequently recorded in test individuals occurred in the chewing and swallowing (82.6%), dryness of the mouth (45.7%) and speech (43.5%) domains. Individuals with other Ectodermal dysplasia syndromes scored higher than individuals with hypohidrotic Ectodermal dysplasia (mean 4.6 vs. 3.0).


Individuals with Ectodermal dysplasia scored higher in all Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening domains compared with healthy reference individuals. Orofacial function areas and treatment and training outcomes need to be more closely evaluated and monitored.



Uppdaterad: 2013-04-03
Anna Thofelt, Avdelningen för odontologisk radiologi Jönköping, Folktandvården